Arabuko-Sokoke Forest Reserve

Scarlet-chested Sunbird

Size: 41,600ha

Checklist: Over 230 Species

Location: Coast

Altitude: 0 – 210 m

Arabuko-Sokoke is conservation value number two on the African mainland and lies a few kilometres inland on the Kenyan coast, between the towns of Kilifi and Malindi and approximately 110 km north of Mombasa.

It is the largest extant fragment of the forests that once covered much of the East African coast, and whose remnants constitute the East African coastal forests Endemic Bird Area. Arabuko-Sokoke was proclaimed a Crown Forest in 1932 and gazetted in 1943. Part of the forest, containing sections of the three main habitat types, was gazetted as a strict nature reserve (covering 4,300 ha) in the late 1960s.

Birding Arabuko-Sokoke Forest Reserve

Arabuko-Sokoke boosts of a more than 230 bird species checklist including nine globally threatened species, namely; Southern Banded Snake Eagle, Fisher’s Turaco, Sokoke Scops Owl, Spotted Ground Thrush, Sokoke Pipit, East Coast Akalat, Amani Sunbird, Plain-backed Sunbird, and Clarke’s Weaver.

Arabuko-Sokoke has five of the seven species of the East African coastal forests Endemic Bird Area and twenty three of the twenty nine species of the East African coastal biome species that occur in Kenya.

The place is also rich in rare and endemic wildlife with Six taxa of butterfly endemic to the East African coast, present, as well as three rare near-endemic mammals, and amphibians.

Mountain Gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei)

Mountain gorillas are the largest living primates and the world's most endangered apes with a population of less than 800 individuals world over- none in zoos. They are found in Uganda, Rwanda and Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)

They share 97% DNA with human beings! They are our closest living cousins after the Chimpanzee, They have up to 25 vocalization for communication

Mountain Gorillas are shy, social and very active during day. They live in families of 8-25 members with one leading male (The Silver Back).

Gorillas have a lifespan of 50 years in the wild. They reproduce at a very slow speed with a gestation period of approximately 8.5 months and an interval of four years to the next birth.

Diet: Mainly herbivores eating fruits, herbs, leaves, stems, roots and shoots. Sometimes ingest small insects like ants and termites.