With a record of over 217 birds species, the park is also home to 17 of the 24 Albertine Rift endemics and 59 of the 88 Afro-tropical Highlands biome that occur in Uganda. To lookout for, include; the Handsome Francolin, Strange Weaver, Rwenzori Turaco, Rwenzori Nightjar, Archer's Robin-Chat, Red-throated Alethe, Montane Masked and Collared Apalises, Stripe-breast Tit, Rwenzori Batis, Purple-breasted, Malachite, Blue-headed, Rwenzori Double-collared, Tiny and Scarlet-tufted Malachite Sunbirds, Barred Long-tailed Cuckoo, African Long-eared Owl, Western Green Tinkerbird, Olive Woodpecker, Grey-chested Illadopsis, Rwenzori Hill Babbler Grey-winged Robin, Cinnamon Bracken Evergreen Forest and Bamboo Warblers, Lagden's Bush-Shrike, Mountain Sooty Boubou, White-collared Olive-back, Red-faced, Dusky, and Shelley’s Crimsonwings and many more.
Rwenzori mountains national park was named after the famous Rwenzori Mountains. It is also referred to as the legendary “Mountains of the Moon". Rwenzori Mountain has one of Africa's highest mountain ranges with an elevation of 5,110m. The Rwenzori range has 6 major peaks which include, Mt Stanley (5,110m), Mt Speke (4,890m) Mt Baker (4,843m), Mt Emin (4,798m), Mt Gessi (4,715m) and Mt Luigi di Savoia (4,627m). The highest peak is the Mt Stanley complex and is called Margherita peak (5,110) and it is this peak which makes the Rwenzori Mountains the 3rd highest range in Africa.
There are five different Vegetation Zones found in the Rwenzori Mountains. These are grassland (1000-2000m), montane forest (2000-3000m), bamboo/ mimulopsis zone (2500-3500m), Heather/ Rapanea zone (3000-4000m) and the afro-alpine moorland zone (4000-4500m) hence the support for a number of lives. Twenty-five species of invertebrates new to science have been described from the area in the last 15 years.
Mountain hiking is the major holiday activity to undertake in the park. The hike takes you through all the vegetation zones and finally ends on the glacial peaks. Shorter hikes can also be arranged though the hike usually takes seven days.
Nature walks on which different animals can be seen as well as birds, are also available.
Note: The high peaks should be attempted only by experienced mountaineers
Despite its existence almost at the Equator, the mountain has distinctive glacial peaks visible miles away as one travels in the Western part of Uganda. Its slopes which are above 1,600m are preserved for hikers, who rate Rwenzori to be the most challenging of all African mountains.