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Rwanda Bird Checklist

Written by  Apr 07, 2014

 

Country or region: Rwanda
Number of species: 697
Number of globally threatened species: 15
Number of introduced species: 2
 

ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

White-faced Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna viduata  
Fulvous Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor  
White-backed Duck Thalassornis leuconotus  
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos  
Egyptian Goose Alopochen aegyptiaca  
Spur-winged Goose Plectropterus gambensis  
African Pygmy-Goose Nettapus auritus  
African Black Duck Anas sparsa  
Yellow-billed Duck Anas undulata  
Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata Rare/Accidental
Red-billed Duck Anas erythrorhyncha  
Northern Pintail Anas acuta  
Hottentot Teal Anas hottentota  
Garganey Anas querquedula  
Green-winged Teal Anas crecca Rare/Accidental
Southern Pochard Netta erythrophthalma  
Maccoa Duck Oxyura maccoa Near-threatened

 
GALLIFORMES: Numididae

Helmeted Guineafowl Numida meleagris  

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Coqui Francolin Francolinus coqui  
Ring-necked Francolin Francolinus streptophorus Near-threatened
Red-winged Francolin Francolinus levaillantii  
Shelley's Francolin Francolinus shelleyi  
Scaly Francolin Francolinus squamatus  
Hildebrandt's Francolin Francolinus hildebrandti  
Red-necked Francolin Francolinus afer  
Handsome Francolin Francolinus nobilis  
Common Quail Coturnix coturnix  
Harlequin Quail Coturnix delegorguei  
Blue Quail Coturnix adansonii  

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis  
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus  
Eared Grebe Podiceps nigricollis Rare/Accidental

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Lesser Flamingo Phoenicopterus minor Rare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

African Openbill Anastomus lamelligerus  
Black Stork Ciconia nigra Rare/Accidental
Abdim's Stork Ciconia abdimii  
Woolly-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus  
White Stork Ciconia ciconia  
Saddle-billed Stork Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis  
Marabou Stork Leptoptilos crumenifer  
Yellow-billed Stork Mycteria ibis  

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo  
Long-tailed Cormorant Phalacrocorax africanus  

 
SULIFORMES: Anhingidae

African Darter Anhinga rufa  

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus  
Pink-backed Pelican Pelecanus rufescens  

 
PELECANIFORMES: Balaenicipitidae

Shoebill Balaeniceps rex Vulnerable

 
PELECANIFORMES: Scopidae

Hamerkop Scopus umbretta  

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus  
Dwarf Bittern Ixobrychus sturmii  
Gray Heron Ardea cinerea  
Black-headed Heron Ardea melanocephala  
Goliath Heron Ardea goliath  
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea  
Great Egret Ardea alba  
Intermediate Egret Mesophoyx intermedia  
Little Egret Egretta garzetta  
Western Reef-Heron Egretta gularis Rare/Accidental
Black Heron Egretta ardesiaca Rare/Accidental
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis  
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides  
Madagascar Pond-Heron Ardeola idae Endangered
Rufous-bellied Heron Ardeola rufiventris  
Striated Heron Butorides striata  
Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax  
White-backed Night-Heron Gorsachius leuconotus Rare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus  
Sacred Ibis Threskiornis aethiopicus  
Hadada Ibis Bostrychia hagedash  
African Spoonbill Platalea alba  

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Sagittariidae

Secretary-bird Sagittarius serpentarius Rare/Accidental Vulnerable

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

Osprey Pandion haliaetus  

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black-shouldered Kite Elanus caeruleus  
Scissor-tailed Kite Chelictinia riocourii  
African Harrier-Hawk Polyboroides typus  
Palm-nut Vulture Gypohierax angolensis Rare/Accidental
European Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus  
African Cuckoo-Hawk Aviceda cuculoides  
White-headed Vulture Trigonoceps occipitalis Vulnerable
Lappet-faced Vulture Torgos tracheliotus  
Hooded Vulture Necrosyrtes monachus Endangered
White-backed Vulture Gyps africanus Endangered
Rueppell's Griffon Gyps rueppellii Endangered
Bateleur Terathopius ecaudatus Near-threatened
Beaudouin's Snake-Eagle Circaetus beaudouini Vulnerable
Black-breasted Snake-Eagle Circaetus pectoralis  
Brown Snake-Eagle Circaetus cinereus  
Banded Snake-Eagle Circaetus cinerascens  
Bat Hawk Macheiramphus alcinus  
Crowned Hawk-Eagle Stephanoaetus coronatus Near-threatened
Martial Eagle Polemaetus bellicosus Near-threatened
Long-crested Eagle Lophaetus occipitalis  
Lesser Spotted Eagle Clanga pomarina  
Wahlberg's Eagle Hieraaetus wahlbergi  
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus  
Ayres's Hawk-Eagle Hieraaetus ayresii  
Tawny Eagle Aquila rapax  
Steppe Eagle Aquila nipalensis  
Cassin's Hawk-Eagle Aquila africana  
Verreaux's Eagle Aquila verreauxii Rare/Accidental
African Hawk-Eagle Aquila spilogaster  
Lizard Buzzard Kaupifalco monogrammicus  
Dark Chanting-Goshawk Melierax metabates Rare/Accidental
Eastern Chanting-Goshawk Melierax poliopterus  
Gabar Goshawk Micronisus gabar  
Grasshopper Buzzard Butastur rufipennis Rare/Accidental
Eurasian Marsh-Harrier Circus aeruginosus  
African Marsh-Harrier Circus ranivorus  
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus Near-threatened
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus  
African Goshawk Accipiter tachiro  
Shikra Accipiter badius  
Little Sparrowhawk Accipiter minullus  
Ovampo Sparrowhawk Accipiter ovampensis  
Rufous-chested Sparrowhawk Accipiter rufiventris  
Black Goshawk Accipiter melanoleucus  
Black Kite Milvus migrans  
African Fish-Eagle Haliaeetus vocifer  
Common Buzzard Buteo buteo  
Mountain Buzzard Buteo oreophilus  
Augur Buzzard Buteo augur  

 
OTIDIFORMES: Otididae

Stanley Bustard Neotis denhami Near-threatened
Black-bellied Bustard Lissotis melanogaster  

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Corn Crake Crex crex Rare/Accidental
African Rail Rallus caerulescens  
African Crake Crecopsis egregia  
Black Crake Amaurornis flavirostra  
Baillon's Crake Porzana pusilla  
Spotted Crake Porzana porzana  
Striped Crake Aenigmatolimnas marginalis Rare/Accidental
Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio  
Allen's Gallinule Porphyrio alleni  
Eurasian Moorhen Gallinula chloropus  
Lesser Moorhen Gallinula angulata  
Red-knobbed Coot Fulica cristata  

 
GRUIFORMES: Sarothruridae

White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra  
Buff-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura elegans  
Red-chested Flufftail Sarothrura rufa  
Chestnut-headed Flufftail Sarothrura lugens  
Streaky-breasted Flufftail Sarothrura boehmi  

 
GRUIFORMES: Heliornithidae

African Finfoot Podica senegalensis  

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Gray Crowned-Crane Balearica regulorum Endangered

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Water Thick-knee Burhinus vermiculatus  
Spotted Thick-knee Burhinus capensis Rare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus  
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta Rare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola Rare/Accidental
Long-toed Lapwing Vanellus crassirostris  
Spur-winged Plover Vanellus spinosus  
White-headed Lapwing Vanellus albiceps Rare/Accidental
Senegal Lapwing Vanellus lugubris  
Crowned Lapwing Vanellus coronatus  
Wattled Lapwing Vanellus senegallus  
Brown-chested Lapwing Vanellus superciliosus  
Lesser Sand-Plover Charadrius mongolus Rare/Accidental
Greater Sand-Plover Charadrius leschenaultii Rare/Accidental
Caspian Plover Charadrius asiaticus  
Kittlitz's Plover Charadrius pecuarius  
Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula  
Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius Rare/Accidental
Three-banded Plover Charadrius tricollaris  
Forbes's Plover Charadrius forbesi Rare/Accidental
White-fronted Plover Charadrius marginatus  

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Rostratulidae

Greater Painted-Snipe Rostratula benghalensis  

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Jacanidae

Lesser Jacana Microparra capensis  
African Jacana Actophilornis africanus  

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus Rare/Accidental
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos  
Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus  
Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus  
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia  
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis  
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola  
Common Redshank Tringa totanus Rare/Accidental
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus  
Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata Rare/Accidental Near-threatened
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa Rare/Accidental Near-threatened
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres Rare/Accidental
Ruff Calidris pugnax  
Broad-billed Sandpiper Calidris falcinellus Rare/Accidental
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea  
Temminck's Stint Calidris temminckii  
Sanderling Calidris alba  
Little Stint Calidris minuta  
Great Snipe Gallinago media Near-threatened
Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago  
African Snipe Gallinago nigripennis  

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Turnicidae

Small Buttonquail Turnix sylvaticus  
Hottentot Buttonquail Turnix hottentottus  

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Temminck's Courser Cursorius temminckii  
Three-banded Courser Rhinoptilus cinctus Rare/Accidental
Bronze-winged Courser Rhinoptilus chalcopterus  
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola  
Black-winged Pratincole Glareola nordmanni Near-threatened
Rock Pratincole Glareola nuchalis Rare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Gray-hooded Gull Chroicocephalus cirrocephalus  
Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus  
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus  
Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica  
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia Rare/Accidental
Black Tern Chlidonias niger Rare/Accidental
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus  
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida Rare/Accidental
African Skimmer Rynchops flavirostris Near-threatened

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock Pigeon Columba livia Introduced species
Speckled Pigeon Columba guinea  
Afep Pigeon Columba unicincta  
Rameron Pigeon Columba arquatrix  
Bronze-naped Pigeon Columba iriditorques  
Lemon Dove Columba larvata  
Dusky Turtle-Dove Streptopelia lugens  
Mourning Collared-Dove Streptopelia decipiens  
Red-eyed Dove Streptopelia semitorquata  
Ring-necked Dove Streptopelia capicola  
Laughing Dove Streptopelia senegalensis  
Emerald-spotted Wood-Dove Turtur chalcospilos  
Blue-spotted Wood-Dove Turtur afer  
Tambourine Dove Turtur tympanistria  
Namaqua Dove Oena capensis  
African Green-Pigeon Treron calvus  

 
CUCULIFORMES: Musophagidae

Great Blue Turaco Corythaeola cristata  
Black-billed Turaco Tauraco schuettii  
Purple-crested Turaco Tauraco porphyreolophus  
Ruwenzori Turaco Ruwenzorornis johnstoni  
Ross's Turaco Musophaga rossae  
Bare-faced Go-away-bird Corythaixoides personatus  
Eastern Plantain-eater Crinifer zonurus  

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Pied Cuckoo Clamator jacobinus  
Levaillant's Cuckoo Clamator levaillantii  
Great Spotted Cuckoo Clamator glandarius  
Thick-billed Cuckoo Pachycoccyx audeberti  
Red-chested Cuckoo Cuculus solitarius  
Black Cuckoo Cuculus clamosus  
Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus  
African Cuckoo Cuculus gularis  
Madagascar Cuckoo Cuculus rochii  
Barred Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx montanus  
Klaas's Cuckoo Chrysococcyx klaas  
African Emerald Cuckoo Chrysococcyx cupreus  
Dideric Cuckoo Chrysococcyx caprius  
Yellowbill Ceuthmochares aereus  
Black Coucal Centropus grillii  
Blue-headed Coucal Centropus monachus  
Senegal Coucal Centropus senegalensis  
White-browed Coucal Centropus superciliosus  

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

African Grass-Owl Tyto capensis  
Barn Owl Tyto alba  

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

African Scops-Owl Otus senegalensis  
Southern White-faced Owl Ptilopsis granti  
Spotted Eagle-Owl Bubo africanus  
Fraser's Eagle-Owl Bubo poensis  
Verreaux's Eagle-Owl Bubo lacteus  
Pel's Fishing-Owl Scotopelia peli  
Pearl-spotted Owlet Glaucidium perlatum  
Red-chested Owlet Glaucidium tephronotum  
African Barred Owlet Glaucidium capense  
Chestnut Owlet Glaucidium castaneum  
Albertine Owlet Glaucidium albertinum Vulnerable
African Wood-Owl Strix woodfordii  
African Long-eared Owl Asio abyssinicus  
Marsh Owl Asio capensis  

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Pennant-winged Nightjar Caprimulgus vexillarius  
Eurasian Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus  
Black-shouldered Nightjar Caprimulgus nigriscapularis  
Fiery-necked Nightjar Caprimulgus pectoralis  
Montane Nightjar Caprimulgus ruwenzorii  
Swamp Nightjar Caprimulgus natalensis  
Freckled Nightjar Caprimulgus tristigma  
Square-tailed Nightjar Caprimulgus fossii  

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Scarce Swift Schoutedenapus myoptilus  
Alpine Swift Apus melba  
Mottled Swift Apus aequatorialis  
Common Swift Apus apus  
African Swift Apus barbatus  
Little Swift Apus affinis  
Horus Swift Apus horus  
White-rumped Swift Apus caffer  
African Palm-Swift Cypsiurus parvus  

 
COLIIFORMES: Coliidae

Speckled Mousebird Colius striatus  
Blue-naped Mousebird Urocolius macrourus  

 
TROGONIFORMES: Trogonidae

Narina Trogon Apaloderma narina  
Bar-tailed Trogon Apaloderma vittatum  

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Shining-blue Kingfisher Alcedo quadribrachys  
Malachite Kingfisher Corythornis cristatus  
African Pygmy-Kingfisher Ispidina picta  
Gray-headed Kingfisher Halcyon leucocephala  
Woodland Kingfisher Halcyon senegalensis  
Blue-breasted Kingfisher Halcyon malimbica Rare/Accidental
Striped Kingfisher Halcyon chelicuti  
Giant Kingfisher Megaceryle maximus  
Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis  

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

White-fronted Bee-eater Merops bullockoides  
Little Bee-eater Merops pusillus  
Blue-breasted Bee-eater Merops variegatus  
Cinnamon-chested Bee-eater Merops oreobates  
Swallow-tailed Bee-eater Merops hirundineus Rare/Accidental
White-throated Bee-eater Merops albicollis  
Blue-cheeked Bee-eater Merops persicus  
Madagascar Bee-eater Merops superciliosus  
European Bee-eater Merops apiaster  
Southern Carmine Bee-eater Merops nubicoides  

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European Roller Coracias garrulus Near-threatened
Lilac-breasted Roller Coracias caudatus  
Rufous-crowned Roller Coracias naevius Rare/Accidental
Broad-billed Roller Eurystomus glaucurus  

 
CORACIIFORMES: Upupidae

Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops  

 
CORACIIFORMES: Phoeniculidae

Green Woodhoopoe Phoeniculus purpureus  
White-headed Woodhoopoe Phoeniculus bollei  
Forest Woodhoopoe Phoeniculus castaneiceps  
Common Scimitar-bill Rhinopomastus cyanomelas  

 
CORACIIFORMES: Bucerotidae

Crowned Hornbill Tockus alboterminatus  
African Gray Hornbill Tockus nasutus  
Black-and-white-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna subcylindrica  

 
CORACIIFORMES: Bucorvidae

Southern Ground-Hornbill Bucorvus leadbeateri Vulnerable

 
PICIFORMES: Lybiidae

Crested Barbet Trachyphonus vaillantii  
Gray-throated Barbet Gymnobucco bonapartei  
Western Tinkerbird Pogoniulus coryphaea  
Red-rumped Tinkerbird Pogoniulus atroflavus Rare/Accidental
Yellow-rumped Tinkerbird Pogoniulus bilineatus  
Yellow-fronted Tinkerbird Pogoniulus chrysoconus  
Spot-flanked Barbet Tricholaema lacrymosa  
Red-faced Barbet Lybius rubrifacies Near-threatened
Black-collared Barbet Lybius torquatus  
Double-toothed Barbet Lybius bidentatus  

 
PICIFORMES: Indicatoridae

Wahlberg's Honeyguide Prodotiscus regulus  
Dwarf Honeyguide Indicator pumilio Near-threatened
Willcocks's Honeyguide Indicator willcocksi  
Least Honeyguide Indicator exilis  
Lesser Honeyguide Indicator minor  
Scaly-throated Honeyguide Indicator variegatus  
Greater Honeyguide Indicator indicator  

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Rufous-necked Wryneck Jynx ruficollis  
Bennett's Woodpecker Campethera bennettii  
Golden-tailed Woodpecker Campethera abingoni  
Green-backed Woodpecker Campethera cailliautii  
Tullberg's Woodpecker Campethera tullbergi  
Speckle-breasted Woodpecker Dendropicos poecilolaemus  
Cardinal Woodpecker Dendropicos fuscescens  
Bearded Woodpecker Dendropicos namaquus  
Elliot's Woodpecker Dendropicos elliotii  
Gray Woodpecker Dendropicos goertae  
Olive Woodpecker Dendropicos griseocephalus  

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Pygmy Falcon Polihierax semitorquatus Rare/Accidental
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni  
Eurasian Kestrel Falco tinnunculus  
Gray Kestrel Falco ardosiaceus  
Red-necked Falcon Falco chicquera  
Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus Near-threatened
Amur Falcon Falco amurensis  
Eleonora's Falcon Falco eleonorae Rare/Accidental
Sooty Falcon Falco concolor Near-threatened
Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteo  
African Hobby Falco cuvierii  
Lanner Falcon Falco biarmicus  
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus  

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Red-headed Lovebird Agapornis pullarius  
Fischer's Lovebird Agapornis fischeri Rare/Accidental Near-threatened
Gray Parrot Psittacus erithacus  
Brown-necked Parrot Poicephalus robustus  
Meyer's Parrot Poicephalus meyeri  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calyptomenidae

African Broadbill Smithornis capensis  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pittidae

African Pitta Pitta angolensis  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Thamnophilidae

Great Antshrike Taraba major Rare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Platysteiridae

Brown-throated Wattle-eye Platysteira cyanea  
Black-throated Wattle-eye Platysteira peltata  
Yellow-bellied Wattle-eye Platysteira concreta  
Ruwenzori Batis Batis diops  
Chinspot Batis Batis molitor  
Black-headed Batis Batis minor  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vangidae

White Helmetshrike Prionops plumatus  
Red-billed Helmetshrike Prionops caniceps Extirpated
Rufous-bellied Helmetshrike Prionops rufiventris Extirpated

 
PASSERIFORMES: Malaconotidae

Brubru Nilaus afer  
Northern Puffback Dryoscopus gambensis  
Black-backed Puffback Dryoscopus cubla  
Red-eyed Puffback Dryoscopus senegalensis  
Pink-footed Puffback Dryoscopus angolensis  
Marsh Tchagra Tchagra minutus  
Black-crowned Tchagra Tchagra senegalus  
Brown-crowned Tchagra Tchagra australis  
Luehder's Bushshrike Laniarius luehderi  
Tropical Boubou Laniarius aethiopicus  
Black-headed Gonolek Laniarius erythrogaster  
Papyrus Gonolek Laniarius mufumbiri Near-threatened
Slate-colored Boubou Laniarius funebris  
Mountain Sooty Boubou Laniarius poensis  
Fuelleborn's Boubou Laniarius fuelleborni  
Gray-green Bushshrike Telophorus bocagei Extirpated
Sulphur-breasted Bushshrike Telophorus sulfureopectus  
Many-colored Bushshrike Telophorus multicolor  
Doherty's Bushshrike Telophorus dohertyi  
Lagden's Bushshrike Malaconotus lagdeni Near-threatened
Gray-headed Bushshrike Malaconotus blanchoti  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Campephagidae

Gray Cuckooshrike Coracina caesia  
White-breasted Cuckooshrike Coracina pectoralis Rare/Accidental
Black Cuckooshrike Campephaga flava  
Red-shouldered Cuckooshrike Campephaga phoenicea  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio  
Red-tailed Shrike Lanius phoenicuroides  
Isabelline Shrike Lanius isabellinus  
Lesser Gray Shrike Lanius minor  
Gray-backed Fiscal Lanius excubitorius  
Mackinnon's Shrike Lanius mackinnoni  
Northern Fiscal Lanius humeralis  
Souza's Shrike Lanius souzae  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus  
African Golden Oriole Oriolus auratus  
African Black-headed Oriole Oriolus larvatus  
Black-tailed Oriole Oriolus percivali  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Dicruridae

Fork-tailed Drongo Dicrurus adsimilis  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

African Crested-Flycatcher Trochocercus cyanomelas  
African Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone viridis  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Pied Crow Corvus albus  
White-necked Raven Corvus albicollis  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Rufous-naped Lark Mirafra africana  
Flappet Lark Mirafra rufocinnamomea  
Red-capped Lark Calandrella cinerea  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Plain Martin Riparia paludicola  
Bank Swallow Riparia riparia  
Banded Martin Riparia cincta  
Rock Martin Ptyonoprogne fuligula  
Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica  
Angola Swallow Hirundo angolensis  
Wire-tailed Swallow Hirundo smithii  
Blue Swallow Hirundo atrocaerulea Rare/Accidental Vulnerable
Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica  
Lesser Striped-Swallow Cecropis abyssinica  
Rufous-chested Swallow Cecropis semirufa Rare/Accidental
Mosque Swallow Cecropis senegalensis  
Common House-Martin Delichon urbicum  
White-headed Sawwing Psalidoprocne albiceps  
Black Sawwing Psalidoprocne pristoptera  
Gray-rumped Swallow Pseudhirundo griseopyga  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Stenostiridae

White-tailed Blue-Flycatcher Elminia albicauda  
White-bellied Crested-Flycatcher Elminia albiventris  
White-tailed Crested-Flycatcher Elminia albonotata  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

White-winged Black-Tit Melaniparus leucomelas  
Dusky Tit Melaniparus funereus  
Stripe-breasted Tit Melaniparus fasciiventer  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Remizidae

African Penduline-Tit Anthoscopus caroli  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Slender-billed Greenbul Stelgidillas gracilirostris  
Black-collared Bulbul Neolestes torquatus Rare/Accidental
Shelley's Greenbul Arizelocichla masukuensis  
Eastern Mountain-Greenbul Arizelocichla nigriceps  
Yellow-throated Greenbul Atimastillas flavicollis  
Plain Greenbul Eurillas curvirostris  
Yellow-whiskered Greenbul Eurillas latirostris  
Little Greenbul Eurillas virens  
Leaf-love Phyllastrephus scandens  
Cabanis's Greenbul Phyllastrephus cabanisi  
Yellow-streaked Greenbul Phyllastrephus flavostriatus  
Common Bulbul Pycnonotus barbatus  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Macrosphenidae

White-browed Crombec Sylvietta leucophrys  
Red-faced Crombec Sylvietta whytii  
Moustached Grass-Warbler Melocichla mentalis  
Grauer's Warbler Graueria vittata  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cettiidae

Neumann's Warbler Urosphena neumanni  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Red-faced Woodland-Warbler Phylloscopus laetus  
Brown Woodland-Warbler Phylloscopus umbrovirens  
Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus  
Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita  
Wood Warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix Rare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Papyrus Yellow-Warbler Calamonastides gracilirostris Vulnerable
Eastern Olivaceous Warbler Iduna pallida  
African Yellow-Warbler Iduna natalensis  
Mountain Yellow-Warbler Iduna similis  
Icterine Warbler Hippolais icterina  
Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus  
Marsh Warbler Acrocephalus palustris  
Eurasian Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus  
African Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus baeticatus  
Lesser Swamp-Warbler Acrocephalus gracilirostris  
Greater Swamp-Warbler Acrocephalus rufescens  
Great Reed-Warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Fan-tailed Grassbird Schoenicola brevirostris  
Evergreen-forest Warbler Bradypterus lopezi  
Cinnamon Bracken-Warbler Bradypterus cinnamomeus  
Grauer's Swamp-Warbler Bradypterus graueri Endangered
Little Rush-Warbler Bradypterus baboecala  
White-winged Swamp-Warbler Bradypterus carpalis  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Ruwenzori Apalis Apalis ruwenzorii  
Black-throated Apalis Apalis jacksoni  
Black-faced Apalis Apalis personata  
Yellow-breasted Apalis Apalis flavida  
Buff-throated Apalis Apalis rufogularis  
Chestnut-throated Apalis Apalis porphyrolaema  
Gray Apalis Apalis cinerea  
Green-backed Camaroptera Camaroptera brachyura  
Olive-green Camaroptera Camaroptera chloronota  
Miombo Wren-Warbler Calamonastes undosus  
White-chinned Prinia Schistolais leucopogon  
Red-faced Cisticola Cisticola erythrops  
Singing Cisticola Cisticola cantans  
Trilling Cisticola Cisticola woosnami  
Chubb's Cisticola Cisticola chubbi  
Rock-loving Cisticola Cisticola aberrans  
Rattling Cisticola Cisticola chiniana  
Winding Cisticola Cisticola galactotes  
Carruthers's Cisticola Cisticola carruthersi  
Stout Cisticola Cisticola robustus  
Croaking Cisticola Cisticola natalensis  
Tabora Cisticola Cisticola angusticauda  
Siffling Cisticola Cisticola brachypterus  
Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis  
Wing-snapping Cisticola Cisticola ayresii  
Gray-capped Warbler Eminia lepida  
Black-faced Rufous-Warbler Bathmocercus rufus  
Buff-bellied Warbler Phyllolais pulchella  
Tawny-flanked Prinia Prinia subflava  
Banded Prinia Prinia bairdii  
Yellow-bellied Eremomela Eremomela icteropygialis  
Greencap Eremomela Eremomela scotops  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylvidae

African Hill Babbler Sylvia abyssinica  
  Sylvia atricapilla Rare/Accidental
Garden Warbler Sylvia borin  
Greater Whitethroat Sylvia communis Rare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

African Yellow White-eye Zosterops senegalensis  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pellorneidae

Brown Illadopsis Illadopsis fulvescens  
Mountain Illadopsis Illadopsis pyrrhoptera  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Leiothrichidae

Black-lored Babbler Turdoides sharpei  
Hartlaub's Babbler Turdoides hartlaubii  
Arrow-marked Babbler Turdoides jardineii  
Red-collared Mountain-Babbler Turdoides rufocincta Near-threatened

 
PASSERIFORMES: Promeropidae

Gray-chested Illadopsis Kakamega poliothorax  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hyliotidae

Yellow-bellied Hyliota Hyliota flavigaster  
Violet-backed Hyliota Hyliota violacea  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Pale Flycatcher Bradornis pallidus  
White-eyed Slaty-Flycatcher Melaenornis fischeri  
Southern Black-Flycatcher Melaenornis pammelaina  
Yellow-eyed Black-Flycatcher Melaenornis ardesiacus  
Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata  
Swamp Flycatcher Muscicapa aquatica  
Dusky-brown Flycatcher Muscicapa adusta  
Cassin's Flycatcher Muscicapa cassini Extirpated
Ashy Flycatcher Muscicapa caerulescens  
Gray Tit-Flycatcher Myioparus plumbeus  
Brown-backed Scrub-Robin Cercotrichas hartlaubi  
Red-backed Scrub-Robin Cercotrichas leucophrys  
White-bellied Robin-Chat Cossyphicula roberti  
Archer's Robin-Chat Cossypha archeri  
Cape Robin-Chat Cossypha caffra  
Gray-winged Robin-Chat Cossypha polioptera  
White-browed Robin-Chat Cossypha heuglini  
Red-capped Robin-Chat Cossypha natalensis  
Snowy-crowned Robin-Chat Cossypha niveicapilla  
Collared Palm-Thrush Cichladusa arquata Rare/Accidental
White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata  
Brown-chested Alethe Pseudalethe poliocephala  
Red-throated Alethe Pseudalethe poliophrys  
Forest Robin Stiphrornis erythrothorax  
Equatorial Akalat Sheppardia aequatorialis  
Collared Flycatcher Ficedula albicollis  
Semicollared Flycatcher Ficedula semitorquata Rare/Accidental Near-threatened
Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus Rare/Accidental
Rufous-tailed Rock-Thrush Monticola saxatilis Rare/Accidental
Miombo Rock-Thrush Monticola angolensis  
Whinchat Saxicola rubetra  
African Stonechat Saxicola torquatus  
Sooty Chat Myrmecocichla nigra  
White-headed Black-Chat Myrmecocichla arnotti  
Ruaha Chat Myrmecocichla collaris  
Mocking Cliff-Chat Thamnolaea cinnamomeiventris  
Familiar Chat Cercomela familiaris  
Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe  
Isabelline Wheatear Oenanthe isabellina Rare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

White-tailed Ant-Thrush Neocossyphus poensis  
Abyssinian Ground-Thrush Geokichla piaggiae  
Kivu Ground-Thrush Geokichla tanganjicae  
Abyssinian Thrush Turdus abyssinicus  
Olive Thrush Turdus olivaceus  
African Thrush Turdus pelios  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Wattled Starling Creatophora cinerea  
Greater Blue-eared Glossy-Starling Lamprotornis chalybaeus  
Splendid Glossy-Starling Lamprotornis splendidus  
Rueppell's Glossy-Starling Lamprotornis purpuroptera  
Violet-backed Starling Cinnyricinclus leucogaster  
Slender-billed Starling Onychognathus tenuirostris  
Waller's Starling Onychognathus walleri  
Stuhlmann's Starling Poeoptera stuhlmanni  
Sharpe's Starling Pholia sharpii  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Buphagidae

Red-billed Oxpecker Buphagus erythrorhynchus  
Yellow-billed Oxpecker Buphagus africanus  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Nectariniidae

Western Violet-backed Sunbird Anthreptes longuemarei  
Kenya Violet-backed Sunbird Anthreptes orientalis  
Little Green Sunbird Anthreptes seimundi  
Collared Sunbird Hedydipna collaris  
Green-headed Sunbird Cyanomitra verticalis  
Blue-throated Brown Sunbird Cyanomitra cyanolaema  
Blue-headed Sunbird Cyanomitra alinae  
Western Olive Sunbird Cyanomitra obscura  
Green-throated Sunbird Chalcomitra rubescens  
Scarlet-chested Sunbird Chalcomitra senegalensis  
Purple-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia purpureiventris  
Bronze Sunbird Nectarinia kilimensis  
Malachite Sunbird Nectarinia famosa  
Red-tufted Sunbird Nectarinia johnstoni  
Olive-bellied Sunbird Cinnyris chloropygius  
Stuhlmann's Sunbird Cinnyris stuhlmanni  
Northern Double-collared Sunbird Cinnyris reichenowi  
Regal Sunbird Cinnyris regius  
Beautiful Sunbird Cinnyris pulchellus Rare/Accidental
Mariqua Sunbird Cinnyris mariquensis  
Red-chested Sunbird Cinnyris erythrocercus  
Purple-banded Sunbird Cinnyris bifasciatus  
Variable Sunbird Cinnyris venustus  
Copper Sunbird Cinnyris cupreus  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Western Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava  
Cape Wagtail Motacilla capensis  
Gray Wagtail Motacilla cinerea  
Mountain Wagtail Motacilla clara  
White Wagtail Motacilla alba  
African Pied Wagtail Motacilla aguimp  
African Pipit Anthus cinnamomeus  
Jackson's Pipit Anthus latistriatus Rare/Accidental
Woodland Pipit Anthus nyassae  
Long-billed Pipit Anthus similis  
Plain-backed Pipit Anthus leucophrys  
Striped Pipit Anthus lineiventris  
Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis  
Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus  
Short-tailed Pipit Anthus brachyurus Rare/Accidental
Yellow-throated Longclaw Macronyx croceus  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Cinnamon-breasted Bunting Emberiza tahapisi  
Golden-breasted Bunting Emberiza flaviventris  
Cabanis's Bunting Emberiza cabanisi  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Oriole Finch Linurgus olivaceus  
Yellow-crowned Canary Serinus flavivertex  
Yellow-fronted Canary Serinus mozambicus  
Western Citril Serinus frontalis  
Papyrus Canary Serinus koliensis  
Black-throated Canary Serinus atrogularis  
Brimstone Canary Serinus sulphuratus  
Streaky Seedeater Serinus striolatus  
Thick-billed Seedeater Serinus burtoni  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House Sparrow Passer domesticus Introduced species
Northern Gray-headed Sparrow Passer griseus  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Ploceidae

Red-billed Buffalo-Weaver Bubalornis niger Rare/Accidental
Red-headed Weaver Anaplectes rubriceps  
Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht  
Slender-billed Weaver Ploceus pelzelni  
Black-necked Weaver Ploceus nigricollis  
Spectacled Weaver Ploceus ocularis  
Black-billed Weaver Ploceus melanogaster  
Strange Weaver Ploceus alienus  
Holub's Golden-Weaver Ploceus xanthops  
Northern Brown-throated Weaver Ploceus castanops  
Lesser Masked-Weaver Ploceus intermedius  
Vieillot's Weaver Ploceus nigerrimus  
Village Weaver Ploceus cucullatus  
Black-headed Weaver Ploceus melanocephalus  
Forest Weaver Ploceus bicolor  
Brown-capped Weaver Ploceus insignis  
Compact Weaver Pachyphantes superciliosus  
Cardinal Quelea Quelea cardinalis  
Red-headed Quelea Quelea erythrops  
Red-billed Quelea Quelea quelea  
Red Bishop Euplectes orix  
Black-winged Bishop Euplectes hordeaceus  
Yellow Bishop Euplectes capensis  
White-winged Widowbird Euplectes albonotatus  
Red-collared Widowbird Euplectes ardens  
Fan-tailed Widowbird Euplectes axillaris  
Grosbeak Weaver Amblyospiza albifrons  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Gray-headed Nigrita Nigrita canicapillus  
White-breasted Nigrita Nigrita fusconotus  
White-collared Oliveback Nesocharis ansorgei  
Yellow-bellied Waxbill Coccopygia quartinia  
Green-backed Twinspot Mandingoa nitidula  
Shelley's Crimson-wing Cryptospiza shelleyi Vulnerable
Dusky Crimson-wing Cryptospiza jacksoni  
Abyssinian Crimson-wing Cryptospiza salvadorii  
Red-faced Crimson-wing Cryptospiza reichenovii  
Fawn-breasted Waxbill Estrilda paludicola  
Orange-cheeked Waxbill Estrilda melpoda  
Crimson-rumped Waxbill Estrilda rhodopyga  
Common Waxbill Estrilda astrild  
Black-crowned Waxbill Estrilda nonnula  
Black-headed Waxbill Estrilda atricapilla  
Kandt's Waxbill Estrilda kandti  
Black-cheeked Waxbill Estrilda erythronotos  
Red-headed Bluebill Spermophaga ruficapilla  
Red-cheeked Cordonbleu Uraeginthus bengalus  
Dusky Twinspot Euschistospiza cinereovinacea  
Peters's Twinspot Hypargos niveoguttatus  
Green-winged Pytilia Pytilia melba  
Orange-winged Pytilia Pytilia afra  
Red-billed Firefinch Lagonosticta senegala  
African Firefinch Lagonosticta rubricata  
Zebra Waxbill Sporaeginthus subflavus  
Red-billed Quailfinch Ortygospiza gabonensis  
Bronze Mannikin Spermestes cucullatus  
Black-and-white Mannikin Spermestes bicolor  
Magpie Mannikin Spermestes fringilloides  

 
PASSERIFORMES: Viduidae

Pin-tailed Whydah Vidua macroura  
Broad-tailed Paradise-Whydah Vidua obtusa Rare/Accidental
Village Indigobird Vidua chalybeata  
Parasitic Weaver Anomalospiza imberbis

 

See Also Avibase

Last modified on Thursday, 30 April 2015 00:04

Shoebill Balaeniceps rex

Diet: Lungfishes, Catfish, Tilapia, Frogs, Reptiles, and small mammal

Habitat and feeding: Swamps, marshes, particular floating vegetation, generally muddy areas on fresh water bodies

The Shoebill is a massive bird, growing to heights of 3-1/2ft to 4-1/2ft tall.

The birds nest solitarily, laying one to three eggs in a large flat nest built amid swamp grasses or sedges, usually in remote areas. These eggs measure 80 to 90 mm high by 56 to 61 mm and weigh around 164 g. It takes 140 days of nest-attendance to get from new-laid egg to independent offspring and it takes three to four years to get from newly independent offspring to mature adult.

This species is considered to be one of the five most desirable birds in Africa by ornithologists.

Saddle-billed Stork 

(Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis)

Diet: Mainly feeds on fish, frogs and crabs, but also on small birds and reptiles.

The Saddle-billed Stork breeds in forested waterlands and floodlands in tropical lowland. The female lays one or two white eggs weighing about 146g each. The incubation period is 30–35 days, with another 70 – 100 days before the chicks fledge.

Birds grow to 150 cm height,142 cm length and 2.4–2.7 m wingspan. The male is larger and heavier than the female, with a range of 5.1–7.5 kg. The female is usually between 5 and 7 kg. It is probably the tallest of the Storks. 

The long bill measures from 27.3 to 36 cm. 

Sexes can be readily distinguished by the golden yellow iris of the female and the brown irises and dangling yellow wattles of the male.

Mountain Gorilla

(Gorilla beringei beringei)

Mountain gorillas are the largest living primates and the world's most endangered apes with a population of less than 800 individuals world over- none in zoos. They are found in Uganda, Rwanda and Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)

They share 97% DNA with human beings! They are our closest living cousins after the Chimpanzee.

They have up to 25 vocalization for communication

Mountain Gorillas are shy, social and very active during day. They live in families of 8-25 members with one leading male (The Silver Back).

Gorillas have a lifespan of 50 years in the wild. They reproduce at a very slow speed with a gestation period of approximately 8.5 months and an interval of four years to the next birth.

Diet: Mainly herbivores eating fruits, herbs, leaves, stems, roots and shoots. Sometimes ingest small insects like ants and termites.

Village Weaver (Ploceus cucullatus)

The Village Weaver is a stocky 15–17 cm bird with a strong conical bill and dark reddish eyes.

This weaver builds a large coarsely woven nest made of grass and leaf strips with a downward facing entrance which is suspended from a branch in a tree. 2-3 eggs are laid. This is a colonial breeder, so many nests may hang from one tree.

Village Weaver feeds principally on seeds and grain, and can be a crop pest, but it will readily take insects, especially when feeding young, which partially redresses the damage to agriculture.

The calls of this bird include harsh buzzes and chattering.

Hamerkop (Scopus umbretta)

This sedentary medium-sized wading bird of 56 cm long, weighing 470 gm  is know to occur from Africa to coastal southwest Arabia wetlands.

Hamerkops feed during the day, the main diet consists of amphibians and fish. Sometimes, they eat shrimp, insects and rodents. They walk in shallow water looking for prey, shuffling one foot at a time on the bottom or suddenly opening their wings to flush prey out of hiding.

Hamerkops, of all birds make the biggest nest in the trees, sometimes more than 1.5 m across, comprising perhaps 10,000 sticks and strong enough to support a man's weight. A mud-plastered entrance 13 to 18 cm wide in the bottom leads through a tunnel up to 60 cm long to a nesting chamber big enough for the parents and young.

They lay 3 to 7 eggs that start white but soon become stained. Both sexes incubate for 28 to 30 days. The chicks leave the nest at 44 to 50 days.

In culture, the bird is associated to bad omen; Some cultures in Uganda believe, when the bird patches on ones house then they are likely to be struck by lightening. In some places, when it calls over the house, people know that someone close to them has died. The Kalahari Bushmen believe that the inimical god Khauna would not like anyone to kill a Hamerkop. According to an old Malagasy belief, anyone who destroys its nest will get leprosy, and a Malagasy poem calls it an "evil bird". Such beliefs have given the bird some protection.

Goliath Heron (Ardea goliath)

birding safaris uganda

The Goliath Heron, is the world's largest heron. It measures 120–152 cm height, 185–230 cm wingspan and weighs 4–5 kg.

The species is very aquatic, even by heron standards, inhabiting marshes around lakes, swamps, mangrove wetlands, reefs with few cool water, and sometimes river deltas within elevations from see level to to 2,100 m. 

Goliath Herons generally prefer to nest on islands or islands of vegetation coinciding with the start of the rains. The birds may abandon a nesting site if the island becomes attached to the mainland. They nest fairly low in variously sedge, reeds, bushes, trees or even on rocks or large tree stumps. The nests are large, often measuring around 1 to 1.5 m in diameter. In these nests they lay pale blue eggs, averaging 72 mm by 54 mm and weighing around 108 g. The clutch size can range from 2 to 5. Incubation lasts 24 to 30 days.

Mainly prey on fish, specializing in relatively large fish. The largest fish targeted may measure 50 cm although the heron may not be able to swallow prey up to this size. Small fish are generally ignored and the average Goliath catches around 2 or 3 fish a day. Breams, Mullet, Tilapia and carp have locally been recorded as preferred species. Frogs, prawns, small mammals, lizards, snakes, insects and even carrion are also part of the diet.

Greater Blue-eared Starling

(Lamprotornis chalybaeus)

The Greater Blue-eared Starling is among the starlings with short tails. Grows to up to 23 cm from bill to tail.

Sexes are similar except the immature which is generally duller compared to the iridescent blue-green coloured adult.

They nest in holes in trees, either natural or excavated by woodpeckers. And sometimes in large stick nests of the Sacred Ibis or Abdim's Stork. Here they lay 3 to 5 eggs which are greenish-blue with some brown or purple spots, and hatch in 13–14 days. The chicks leave the nest in another 23 days.

Greater Blue-eared Starlings are omnivore, taking a wide range of invertebrates seeds and berries, especially figs, but insects are the main diet.

Common chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes)

Chimpanzees are the closest living evolutionary relatives to humans, sharing a common ancestor with humans about four to six million years ago. They share 99% DNA with human beings.

Male grow up to 1.7 m high when standing, and weigh as much as 70 kg; the female is somewhat smaller.

Chimpanzees live in a leaner hierarchy in which more than one individual may be dominant enough to dominate other members of lower rank. Typically, a dominant male is referred to as the alpha male.

They make tools and use them to acquire foods and for social displays; they have sophisticated hunting strategies requiring cooperation, influence and rank; they are status conscious, manipulative and capable of deception; they can learn to use symbols and understand aspects of human language including some relational syntax, concepts of number and numerical sequence; and they are capable of spontaneous planning for a future state or event.

Chimps communicate in a manner similar to human nonverbal communication, using vocalizations, hand gestures, and facial expressions.

White-throated Bee-eater (Merops albicollis)

 

The very gregarious White-throated Bee-eaters grow to 19–21 cm length, excluding the tail streamers, which can exceed an additional 21 cm length.

Sexes are similar and weigh between 20 and 28 grams. 

White-throated Bee-eaters breeds in dry sandy open country, where nest colonially in sandy banks or open flat areas. They make a relatively long 1–2 m tunnel in which 6 to 7 spherical white eggs are laid. Both the male and the female take care of the eggs, but up to five helpers also assist with caring for the young.

Predominantly, they eat insects, especially bees, wasps, ants, beetles and hornets, which are caught in the air by sorties from an open perch.

 

Great Blue Turaco (Corythaeola cristata)

Turacos are a group of African near-passerines. The Great Blue Turaco is the largest turaco and also the largest species in the diverse Cuculiformes order (which includes the cuckoos).

Generally, the Great Blue Turaco is 70–76 cm in length with a mass of 800–1,231 g. In the Bandundu province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Great Blue Turaco is actively hunted for meat and feathers. The blue and yellow tail feathers are prized for making good luck talismans.

Grauer's Broadbill (Pseudocalyptomena graueri)

Grauer's Broadbill

Kingdom: Animalia, Phylum: Chordata, Class: Aves, Family: Eurylaimidae, Genus: Pseudocalyptomena, Species: Pseudocalyptomena graueri

The Grauer's Broadbill or African Green Broadbill (Pseudocalyptomena graueri) is an actual broadbill, one of only a few African representatives of a primarily Asian family. It is bright green with a blue throat and vent and a small bill, quite unlike those of the other broadbills. It is endemic to the Albertine Rift Mountains of Uganda and Democratic Republic of Congo. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests where it forages in canopies.

It is one of the African Big Five bird species, highly sought after by ornithologists but very elusive.

The species is both globally endangered and endangered according to the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Blue-breasted Bee-eater (Merops variegatus)

Blue-breasted Bee-eater

Kingdom: Amimalia, Phylum: Chordata, Class: Aves, Order: Coraciiformes, Family: Meropidae, Genus: Merops

The Blue-breasted Bee-eater is endemic to Africa and just as the name suggests, predominantly eats flying insects, especially bees and wasps, which are caught in the air by sallies from an open perch. While pursue any type of flying insect, honey bees predominate in their diet. Hymenoptera (ants, bees and wasps) comprise from 20% to 96% of all insects eaten, with honey bees comprising approximately one-third of the Hymenoptera.

 

Black-and-white Casqued Hornbill (Bycanistes subcylindricus)

Black-and-white Casqued Hornbill

The Black-and-white-casqued Hornbillis a large hornbill, approximately 70 cm of length. It has an oversized blackish bill with large casque. The female is slightly smaller than the male, and has a significantly smaller casque.

The Black-and-white-casqued Hornbill is found in wooded habitats in central and western Africa, ranging from western Kenya to Côte d'Ivoire with an isolated population in north Angola.

A monogamous species, pairs nest in suitable tree cavities. The female usually lays up to two eggs. The diet consists mainly of figs, fruits, insects and small animals found in the trees.

  1. Uganda
  2. Kenya
  3. Rwanda